Cooking Terms

The words used to describe ingredients and cooking methods vary across the globe. Here are some examples I have encountered. Do let me know of others you are aware of and I shall add them to this glossary.

Baking Basics

Baking Soda Bicarbonate of Soda
Bicarbonate of Soda Baking Soda

Cereal and Grains

Arborio Rice Risotto Rice
Emmer Farro
Farro Emmer
Kamut Khorasan
Khorasan Kamut
Khubz Pitta Bread
Pitta Bread Khubz
Risotto Rice Arborio Rice
Tapioca Flour (Cassava) Tapioca Starch


10-18% Butterfat Half and Half ( 1/2 milk ½ cream)
18% Butterfat Light Cream
26-30% Butterfat Light Whipping Cream
30% Butterfat Heavy Cream, Whipping Cream
42% Butterfat Double Cream, Clotted Cream

Fruit and Vegetables

Arugula Rocket
Aubergine Brinjals, Eggplant
Beans Legumes, Pulses
Brinjals Aubergine, Eggplant
Chickpea Garbanzo Beans
Courgette Zucchini
Edamame Beans Young Soya Beans
Eggplant Aubergine, Brinjals
Granadilla Passionfruit
Passionfruit Granadilla
Legumes Beans, Pulses
Pulses Beans, Legumes
Pumpkin Squash
Rocket Arugula
Squash Pumpkin

Herbs and Spices

Bouquet Garni Bay Leaf, Parsely, Rosemary, Thyme
Cilantro Coriander
Coriander Cilantro
Flax Seed Linseed
Garam Masala Black Pepper, Cardamon, Cloves, Coriander, Cumin
Linseed Flax Seed
Mixed Spice Allspice, Cinnamon, Clove, Ginger, Nutmeg
Pepitas Sunflower Seeds
Sunflower Seeds Pepitas
Za’atar Sesame Seeds (toasted), Sumac, Wild Thyme, Salt


Granulated Sugar Granulated Sugar, White Sugar
Castor Sugar Superfine Granulated Sugar
Icing Sugar Confectioners’ Sugar, Powdered Sugar
Sugar Crystals Decorating Sugar
Rainbow Sugar Crystals Coloured Sugar

Cooking Terms

Barbeque Braii
Braii> Barbeque
Broil Grill
Grill Broil


Parchment Greaseproof Paper
Greaseproof Paper Parchment
Pots Saucepans
Skillet Frying Pan
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